Autumn and winter were colder and wetter than the previous year, with the highest levels of precipitation and the lowest temperatures between November and February. Even so, the temperature and precipitation have been within the average values of the last 18 years. Spring had higher temperatures than in 2016, leading to the anticipation of phenological states. The hot and dry spring ensured the healthy development of the grapes. The beginning of summer started to be warmer than in 2016 (+ 2.0ºC) which led to an early onset of ripening. The months of August and September ended with cooler temperatures than in 2016, with the grapes ripening faster and rising sugar levels, resulting in fuller white wines with fruit notes. mature, and rich and concentrated red wines.